How to Pronounce Edinburgh – This blog will help you learn how to correctly pronounce Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.
Checkout this video:
If you’re planning a trip to Scotland, you’ll want to know how to say the name of its capital city, Edinburgh. While it might look daunting, it’s actually not too difficult once you know how. Here’s a quick guide to help you get started.
The first thing to note is that the ‘gh’ in Edinburgh is silent, so it’s pronounced more like ‘ed-in-bruh’. The second thing to keep in mind is that the stress in Edinburgh falls on the second syllable, ‘din’. This means that the first syllable, ‘ed’, is pronounced more lightly.
With these two things in mind, saying Edinburgh should be fairly straightforward. Just remember to include that silent ‘gh’ and to stress the second syllable when you say it.
The History of Edinburgh
Edinburgh, Scotland’s capital city, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United Kingdom. The city has a rich history dating back centuries, and it’s no wonder that so many people are interested in learning more about it. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the history of Edinburgh.
The Early History of Edinburgh
Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, has a rich and varied history spanning over 1,000 years. The earliest known human settlement in Edinburgh dates back to the Bronze Age, around 850 BC. The first written record of the city dates back to the 6th century AD, when the Latin name ‘Erafal vom’ was used by Bede to refer to Edinburgh.
By the 11th century AD, Edinburgh had become an important center of trade and politics. It was also during this time that Edinburgh castle was built on its iconic volcanic rock. In the centuries that followed, Edinburgh would be at the heart of several momentous historical events such as the Scottish Reformation and the signing of the Scottish Declaration of Independence.
Since then, Edinburgh has continued to grow and thrive, becoming one of the most vibrant and cosmopolitan cities in Europe. With its stunning architecture, world-class cultural offering and rich history, it’s no wonder that Edinburgh is such a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.
The Modern History of Edinburgh
The history of Edinburgh is often traced back to the early 12th century, when King David I of Scotland (r. 1124–1153) founded a royal burgh (fortified town) on the site of the present Edinburgh Castle. The castle had been the site of a Celtic Iron Age settlement and two earlier Norman fortifications; it was first recorded in Scottish royal records in 1130. Although there is some evidence for human activity on Castle Rock prior to the 12th century—a few carved stones have been found built into the fabric of later medieval buildings—the first documentary evidence for life on the Rock dates to a grave cist uncovered during excavations in 2001. This contained the remains of an infant, along with shards of an early Medieval pot.
From the 12th century onwards, Edinburgh developed as a royal centre and capital city, attracting burgeoning populations whose numbers were swelled by successive waves of immigration from across Britain and Ireland. The city especially welcomed migrants from England during periods when relations between England and Scotland were strained, such as during and after the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century. In 1503 James IV moved his court permanently to Holyrood Palace, beginning a new phase in Edinburgh’s history which saw an influx of French and Fleming architects, artists and thinkers — keen to take advantage of James’ taste for all things Renaissance.
This cultural golden age came to an abrupt end with James’ death at Flodden in 1513, which plunged Scotland into decades of political turmoil characterized by English invasions, religious conflict and dynastic power struggles. These tumultuous events reached a head with Oliver Cromwell’s occupation of Edinburgh in 1650 during the Third English Civil War; many key buildings were destroyed or damaged during this period, including parts of Holyrood Palace. The Restoration period following Cromwell’s death brought new energy to Edinburgh’s redevelopment, culminating in the construction of new Georgian streets such as New Town’s Princes Street — still one of the most fashionable addresses in Edinburgh today.
The Pronunciation of Edinburgh
Edinburgh can be pronounced a few different ways, but the most common pronunciation is “edin-bruh”. The “edin” part is pronounced like the word “eden” without the “e”. The “bruh” part is pronounced like the word “brother” without the “r”.
The Pronunciation of Edinburgh in English
The standard way to pronounce Edinburgh in English is “ed-in-buh-roo”, but you may also hear “ed-in-burr-uh” or “ed-in-bruh”. The first syllable, “ed”, is pronounced like the “e” in “bed”, and the last syllable, “oo”, is pronounced like the “oo” in “zoo”. The middle syllables, “in” and “buh”, are both unstressed.
The Pronunciation of Edinburgh in Scottish Gaelic
The pronunciation of Edinburgh in Scottish Gaelic is /ˈɛdɪnbʌrʃ/. The Gaelic alphabet has 18 letters, most of which are pronounced very similarly to their English counterparts. The exceptions are ch, g, ng, ph, sh and th, which have somewhat different pronunciations.
The letter h is always silent in Gaelic.
The letter c is always hard, as in English “cat”.
The letter g is always hard, as in English “go”.
The letters n and r are both pronounced approximately like the English “ng” in singer.
The letter ph is pronounced like the English “f”, as in “phone”.
The letter s is always unvoiced, as in English “sun”.
The letter th is pronounced like the English “h”, as in “hat”.
The important thing to remember is that there is no one “correct” way to pronounce Edinburgh. However, if you want to be able to communicate with locals and other English speakers, it’s a good idea to learn the standard pronunciation. With a little practice, you’ll be saying Edinburgh like a native in no time!