What Size Hail Will Damage a Roof?

Here’s a look at what size hail will damage a roof and how to inspect for hail damage.

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The first thing you need to know is that hail damage to roofs is not always covered by insurance. That’s because insurance companies consider hail damage to be “cosmetic” and not necessarily a sign of structural damage. However, if the hail is large enough, it can cause serious damage to your roof and your home. Here are some things to consider when determining whether or not your roof has been damaged by hail.

Size: Obviously, the size of the hail is going to be a big factor in whether or not it will damage your roof. Smaller hail, such as pea-sized hail, is not likely to cause any damage. Larger hail, such as golf ball-sized hail or bigger, can cause serious damage.

Type of Roof: The type of roof you have will also be a factor in whether or not hail will damage it. Shingle roofs are particularly susceptible to hail damage, while metal roofs are more resistant. Tile roofs can also be damaged by hail, but they are more durable than shingle roofs.

Age of Roof: The age of your roof will also play a role in whether or not hail will damage it. Older roofs are more likely to be damaged by hail than newer ones because the materials may have begun to deteriorate over time.

What is Hail?

Hail is a form of solid precipitation. It consists of balls or irregular lumps of ice that fall from cumulonimbus clouds during thunderstorms or other types of intense storms. Hailstones can grow to 15 centimetres (5.9 in) and weigh more than 500 grams (1.1 lb).

What Size Hail Causes Damage to Roofs?
The size of hail that causes damage to roofs depends on the type of roofing material. Shingles made of asphalt, wood, slate, tile, or metal are vulnerable to impact from hail stones that are 2 inches in diameter or larger. While hail damage is typically most severe with large hail stones, even small hail stones can cause damage to roofing materials and lead to leaks and other types of roof damage.

How Does Hail Form?

Hailstones form inside thunderstorms when air currents lift water droplets high into the sky. Thes water droplets then freeze and are carried upward by the wind. As the hailstones are carried higher, they accumulate more layers of ice. When they eventually become too heavy to be carried by the updrafts, they fall from the sky.

The size of a hailstone depends on how long it spends being carried by the updrafts. If a hailstorm lasts a long time, the stones can grow very large. The largest hailstone ever recorded in the United States was about the size of a softball and fell in South Dakota in 2010.

What is the Difference Between Sleet and Hail?

The difference between sleet and hail has to do with how the precipitation forms. Sleet forms when raindrops fall through cold air and freeze into ice pellets before they reach the ground. Hail forms when updrafts in thunderstorms carry raindrops high into the atmosphere where they freeze into pellets of ice and then are blown around by wind currents until they eventually fall to the ground.

What are the Different Types of Hail?

There are three main types of hail which include:
– normal hail,
– hard hail, and
– soft hail.

Size is not the only factor that determines the amount of damage hail can cause. The type of hail is also important. For example, hard hail is more likely to cause damage than soft hail, even if the hard hail is smaller in size.

How Does Hail Damage a Roof?

The damage that hail causes to a roof depends on the size, weight, and speed of the hailstone, as well as the type of roofing material. For example, asphalt shingles are more likely to be damaged by hail than other types of roofing materials.

Hailstones can range in size from small pea-sized hail to large hailstones that weigh more than a pound. The weight and speed of the hailstone determine the amount of damage it can cause. For example, a small hailstorm with pea-sized hail may not cause any damage to your roof. However, a large hailstorm with baseball-sized hail could easily damage or even destroy your roof.

If you live in an area where large hailstorms are common, it’s important to have your roof inspected by a professional after every storm. They will be able to spot any signs of damage and make repairs before the damage gets worse.

How Much Damage Does Hail Cause?

destructive effect on anything it comes into contact with, including roofs. Roofs are designed to withstand heavy rains and high winds, but they can be damaged by hail. The amount of damage that hail can cause depends on the size of the hailstones and the type of roof.

Hailstones range in size from pea-sized to golf ball-sized, and they can weigh up to half a pound. The largest recorded hailstone in the United States was found in South Dakota and weighed more than two pounds. While most hailstones are small, even the smaller ones can cause damage if they hit your roof hard enough.

The type of roof you have will also affect how much damage hail can cause. Shingle roofs are the most vulnerable to hail damage, followed by metal roofs and then tile roofs. Flat roofs are the least likely to be damaged by hail.

If your roof is damaged by hail, it is important to have it repaired as soon as possible so that further damage does not occur.

How to Protect Your Roof From Hail Damage

Severe thunderstorms can cause extensive damage to homes, particularly to the roof. High winds and large hail can tear shingles off a roof, leaving the underlying structure vulnerable to water damage. In some cases, hail can also cause direct damage to roofing materials, puncturing holes in the surface that can lead to leaks.

While it’s impossible to completely protect your home from severe weather damage, there are steps you can take to minimize the risk of hail damage to your roof. Proper maintenance and prompt repair of any existing damage can help reduce the likelihood of more extensive damage in the event of a severe storm.

If you live in an area that is prone to severe thunderstorms, it is important to have your roof inspected regularly by a qualified professional. A qualified inspector will be able to identify any potential weak spots or areas of damage that could be exacerbated by high winds or hail. In some cases, special hail-resistant roofing materials may be recommended for homes in areas with a high risk of hail damage.

If hail does strike your home, it is important to have any resulting damage assessed as soon as possible by a professional. Minor damage, such as small dents or chipped paint, may not seem like an immediate concern but left unaddressed it could lead to more serious problems down the road. Prompt repair of hail damage can help prevent further issues and protect your investment in your home.


In conclusion, any size of hail has the potential to damage a roof, with the amount of damage depending on the intensity of the storm and the type of roofing material. Homeowners should inspect their roofs after a storm to check for any damage, and if necessary, contact a professional to make repairs.