What is the Recommended Size of an Agile Team?

If you’re new to agile software development, you may be wondering what the recommended size of an agile team is. While there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, there are some general guidelines you can follow. In general, smaller teams are better able to communicate and collaborate effectively, and they’re also more nimble and able to adapt to changes quickly.

So, if you’re wondering what the ideal size for an agile team is, the best answer

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The Ideal Size of an Agile Team

The Scrum Team

The Scrum Team is a self-organizing and cross-functional team that is responsible for delivering a product increment in each Sprint. The recommended size of a Scrum Team is 5-9 people, including the Scrum Master and the product owner.

The Scrum Team should ideally be collocated, which means that they should work in the same physical space. This makes it easier for them to communicate and collaborate with each other. If the Scrum Team is not collocated, there should at least be some overlap in their working hours.

The Scrum Team should include people with a wide range of skills and backgrounds. This will help to ensure that they have all the knowledge and expertise they need to deliver a high-quality product increment.

The Development Team

The ideal size of a development team depends on a number of factors, including the nature of the project, the complexity of the project, and the skills and experience of the team members. There is no hard and fast rule for determining the ideal size of a team, but there are some guidelines that can be helpful.

For small projects, it is generally recommended that the team be no larger than five people. For medium-sized projects, a team of seven to nine people is often considered ideal. And for large projects, a team of eleven or more people may be necessary. Of course, these are just guidelines and there are always exceptions.

The most important thing is that the team is able to work together effectively and efficiently. If you have too many people on the team, it can become cumbersome and frustrating. If you have too few people on the team, it can become overloaded and inefficient. Finding the right balance is crucial to success.

The Product Owner

The product owner is the person in charge of the product backlog. They are responsible for ensuring that the backlog is prioritized and that items at the top of the backlog are ready to be worked on. The product owner works closely with the scrum master and development team to ensure that the product is being built according to the vision.

The ideal size for a product owner is 1-3 people. This allows for enough people to provide adequate oversight of the product without adding too much bureaucracy. Too many product owners can lead to confusion and conflict over who is responsible for what.

The Scrum Master

Although there is no definitive answer, the recommended size of an agile team is generally smaller than a traditional project team. The agile approach relies on close collaboration and communication among team members, which can be difficult to achieve with a large team. In addition, large teams tend to be less flexible and less able to adapt to change than small teams.

The Scrum Master is the person responsible for ensuring that the agile team adheres to the Scrum process and principles. The Scrum Master is not a project manager; rather, they are a facilitator who helps the team to self-organize and stay focused on their objectives. The Scrum Master does not make decisions on behalf of the team; instead, they help the team to reach consensus on decisions.

The recommended size for an agile team is three to nine people, with a preferred range of five to seven people. This size allows for enough diversity of skills and perspectives while still allowing for close collaboration and communication among team members.


After reviewing the research, it seems that there is no definitive answer to the question of how big an agile team should be. The studies that have been conducted produce conflicting results, and there is no clear consensus among experts. However, there are some general trends that emerge from the data.

It seems that smaller teams (5-9 members) are more effective than larger teams, and teams of 7 members are often cited as being optimal. Additionally, it appears that adding more members to a team does not necessarily improve its performance – in fact, it may actually hurt it. This is likely due to the fact that larger teams have more difficulty communicating and coordinating effectively.

Thus, if you are wondering what is the recommended size of an agile team, the answer appears to be somewhere between 5 and 9 members. Of course, the best way to determine what works for your team is to experiment and see what produces the best results.